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FSEMs: Fall 2022 & Spring 2023

This guide is for students enrolled in Fall 2022 and Spring 2023 First Year Seminar courses.

Is it fake?

Use the following steps to determine if a story or claim is “fake” news or misinformation:

  1. Has someone else already fact-checked this story?
    1. Look up the story on a fact-checking site such as or
    2. Visit the comments. Another reader may have already debunked the story. Of course, random internet commenters won’t always be right, but they may provide leads for your further investigation.
    3. What do other media outlets have to say about the site where you found the story? An easy way to search for this is by Googling the name or URL of the site followed by -site:URL. For example, if you want information about the Wall Street Journal that is not posted on its own website, try Googling Wall Street Journal
  2. Where did the story originate?
    1. Does the story include a link, citation, or details you can use to find the source of the information? Many media outlets syndicate or adapt stories from other places. Get as close as you can to the original source.
  3. What do other sources have to say about the story?
    1. Are other media outlets reporting on this story? Does their information affirm or conflict with what you read?

Adapted from Mike Caulfield’s web literacy model at

Websites to Help Debunk Fake News

The following websites claim to debunk fake news, identify hoaxes and scams, or highlight bias in media outlets.

*Disclaimer*: the above resources are not managed by Stetson librarians. They are third-party sites on the open web, and links are provided here for your convenience. We can't guarantee the accuracy or reliability of every claim they may make. Continue to use your best judgment and critical thinking to evaluate any information from these sites or anywhere else.

How to Spot Fake News

Evaluating Sources for Credibility Video

Evaluating Sources for Credibility. From  North Carolina State University Libraries.

Have a question? Ask a librarian! Email Call or text 386-747-9028.