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Writing a Literature Review

An overview of literature reviews and how to write one

Literature Reviews vs. Annotated Bibliographies

Literature reviews typically include the following elements:

  • Citations for the referenced materials
  • A discussion of the materials' research purpose, methods, and findings
  • A discussion of how those findings relate to your research
  • A discussion of the differences between cited materials 
  • A discussion of the gaps created by the material referenced and how your research can close those gaps

Literature Reviews synthesize information available on a topic.


Annotated bibliography components:

  • A citation for the information source
  • A summary of the source
  • A reflection on how you think you will use the source in your project

Annotated bibliographies look at individual sources.

Be sure to review your assignment prompt and/or speak to your professor.

Literature Review overviews and examples

Have a question? Ask a librarian! Email libref@stetson.edu. Call or text 386-747-9028.